Handwriting

Students will learn using the Fundations formation of letters. The language used in the SW classes can be found on the Fundations Letter Guide

Practice writing using Fundation paper. Download samples here. Practice Paper

Practice the sounds and letter identification to help your child learn. Click one to practice** Letter Practice Chart. Video of Letter Cards

Motor Skills


Gross motor skills develop before fine motor skills. It is critical children have access to various gross motor opportunities.

Fine motor skills refine as children age and have more experiences. Kindergarteners benefit from experiences that support the development of fine motor skills in the hands and fingers. Children should have strength and dexterity in their hands and fingers before being asked to manipulate a pencil on paper. Working on dexterity and strength first can eliminate the development of an inappropriate pencil grasp, which is becoming more commonplace as young children are engaged in writing experiences before their hands are ready. The following activities involve the use of manipulatives which will support young children's fine motor development, and will help to build the strength and dexterity necessary to hold a pencil appropriately.
Learning to tie shoes is also an important task for children.

Motor Expectations


It is critical that children have various motor experiences. These are examples of the kinds of gross (large muscle) motor activities that help develop the standards for kindergarten.
  • Throw a bean bag or ball overhand with aim.
  • Catch a ball.
  • Pull wagons or push wheelbarrows.
  • Ride a tricycle, using feet to pedal.
  • Use outdoor gross motor equipment such as swings, climbers, and tunnels safely and appropriately.
  • Run with control and direction.
  • Stop when intended.
  • Engage in games like Hokey Pokey, London Bridge or Simon Says.
  • Engage in large motor activities such as marching, hopping, running, jumping, and dancing.
  • Walk on a balance beam.
  • Climb stairs using alternating feet.
  • Jump over an object with both feet.
  • Walk on tip toe for a short distance.
  • Participate in an obstacle course going through, over, or under equipment.
  • Participate on movement games.
  • Climb a short ladder on a slide.
  • Kick a ball.

Gross Motor Activities:
  • Playgrounds
  • Playing on the floor
  • Rolling down hills
  • Playing games/with toys laying on stomach
  • Hopscotch
  • Climbing
  • Parachutes
  • Jump rope
  • Catching/throwing/kicking balls
  • Tug of war
  • Find more activities at:

These are examples of fine (small muscle) motor activities that meet the expectations for students prior to entering Kindergarten (p. 56).
  • Manipulate dough and clay by squeezing, pounding, rolling.
  • Tear paper with purpose.
  • Use scissors to cut.
  • Use tongs or tweezers to pick up objects.
  • Manipulate pegs into a pegboard.
  • String beads, noodles, or cereal onto a string.
  • Play with pop beads and snap cubes.
  • Zip zippers.
  • Snap, button and Velcro clothes.
  • Practice tying.
  • Act out finger plays and songs using hands and fingers.
  • Complete wooden and cardboard shape and frame puzzles.
  • Use tools to pour, such as funnels, basters, and pitchers.
  • Hold pencils, crayons, and markers in a functional grasp (pincer grasp).
  • Use glue sticks to paste various items.
  • Use paint brushes to make strokes at the easel.
  • Use fork and spoon appropriately.
  • Use cup or glass for drinking.

Fine Motor Activities
  • This web site shows pictures of typical and atypical pencil grips to best help your child. The School Sparks site also shows pencil grip pictures and tips as well as how to hold scissors and tips.
  • Create a "Junk to Cut" box where you place junk mail that your child can cut into various shapes and designs, then toss in the recycle bin!
  • Squeezing a stress ball (You can easily make your own with a deflated balloon and fill it with flour, then tie closed.)
  • Scrunching up a piece of newspaper with only one hand.
  • Commercial games such as Jacks, Barrel of Monkeys, Mazes, Bed Bugs, Operation, Perfection, Marbles, Crocodile Dentist, Hungry Hippos,
  • Painting with eye droppers and colored water
  • Use a plant sprayer to water plants, to spray snow (spray with colored water to paint pictures in the snow)
  • Recipes for various types of dough from Skill Builders
  • Combine cutting practice with math and reading skills. Give your child a challenge to cut out the letters in his/her name, the letters in the alphabet (match capital to lower case), the numerals 0-10, etc. from magazines or newspapers.
  • More Activities from Skill Builders
    • Lacing and Threading
      • Commercial lacing kits (look for them in Scholastic book orders)
      • Punch holes in cardboard to make your own lacing shape/design
      • String beads on a chenille wire or yarn
    • Stacking and Building
      • Stack household items like washers, nuts, bobbins, plastic containers, etc.
      • Stack building blocks according to shape/color/size
      • Play with commercial construction toys (Lego, Kinnex, etc.)
    • Winding, Twisting, & Screwing
      • Wind-up toys and nut and bolt toys
      • Screw/unscrew various jars and containers
      • Construction toys
    • Tweezers Type Tasks
      • Put clothes pins on and off the sides of containers
      • Place doll's clothes on a play clothes line
      • Transfer items (cotton balls, pom-poms, beads, paperclips) with tweezers or tongs from one container to another.
    • Drawing Activities
      • Chalk, crayons, stencils, finger paints
      • To help with proper pencil grip, have child hold a soft small object like a pom-pom or cotton ball in the middle, ring and pinky fingers
    • Cutting, Tearing, Folding Activities
      • Cut, tear and fold a variety of paper and materials
      • Wrapping/unwrapping activities
    • In-Hand Manipulation
      • Turning the pages of a book
      • Picking up coins, beads, dried beans with thumb and pointer finger
  • Find more activities at: